Provolone cheese, known alternatively as “Provolone Piccante” or “Provolone Dolce,” is a beloved ingredient in many culinary creations. Its versatile flavor profile makes it a staple in sandwiches, pizza, salads, and even on its own as a snack. However, there are many reasons one might seek a substitute for Provolone.

These could include dietary restrictions, flavor preferences, or simply the unavailability of the cheese in your local supermarket. Not to worry though – cheeses like Mozzarella and Gouda are fantastic alternatives, replicating Provolone’s melting properties and savory flavor quite well.

👅 Flavor Profile

Provolone is a semi-hard Italian cheese with a smooth, creamy texture. Its flavor is generally mild, but can vary from sweet to sharp depending on its aging.

Its versatility and melting properties make it a favorite for many dishes. Similar in flavor profile and texture are cheeses like Mozzarella, Gouda, and Monterey Jack.

💡 Tips and Guidance

Selecting the best substitute for Provolone depends on the specific recipe and your personal preference. While Mozzarella and Gouda are the most similar, other cheeses like Monterey Jack and Edam can add a unique twist to your dishes.

If your recipe requires melted Provolone, opt for cheeses that melt well like Mozzarella or Monterey Jack. For sandwiches or salads, choose based on your preferred taste profile. For example, if you want a slightly sweeter flavor, go for Gouda, or if you prefer a more savory, tangy note, try Cheddar.

Provolone substitutes

Be creative and feel free to mix and match. Combining two types of cheese can often give you a surprising and delicious result. For instance, mixing Mozzarella with a bit of Swiss can give you a balance of creamy and nutty flavors.

Don’t be afraid to experiment with these substitutes in your cooking. Remember, the best part about cooking is making a dish your own!

🔄 The Closest Replacements/Substitutes


Mozarella cheese

Mozzarella, especially the low-moisture type, is an excellent Provolone substitute and is considered one of the best Provolone alternatives. It offers a similar mild, creamy flavor and excellent melting properties. Substituting Mozzarella for Provolone should be done at a 1:1 ratio, with no significant changes to cooking time. Nutritionally, Mozzarella is slightly lower in fat and calories compared to Provolone.

However, it should be noted that aged Provolone can have a much sharper and more piquant flavor than Mozzarella, which generally remains mild even when aged. For recipes that call for the sharper taste of aged Provolone, a different cheese such as mature Cheddar or Gouda might be a closer match in terms of flavor.


Gouda is another popular substitute for Provolone, offering a rich, slightly sweet, and creamy flavor. It’s perfect for sandwiches and also melts well. Substitute it at a 1:1 ratio for Provolone. In terms of nutrition, Gouda is comparable to Provolone, although it has slightly more calories.

Gouda vs provolone

Gouda generally offers a sweeter, creamier flavor profile, while Provolone provides a range from mild to tangy depending on its age. Gouda’s texture is typically softer in its younger form and becomes crumbly when aged, whereas Provolone maintains a relatively firm texture throughout its aging process. Choosing between the two often comes down to whether you prefer the sweet creaminess of Gouda or the variable, potentially sharper taste of Provolone.

Monterey Jack

Monterey Jack shares a similar flavor profile with Provolone. It has a creamy, mild flavor and a soft texture that melts beautifully. Use it as a direct 1:1 replacement in recipes that call for Provolone.

Provolone vs Monterey Jack

Both cheeses have smooth textures, but Provolone tends to be firmer, while Monterey Jack is more pliable and slightly softer, particularly when it’s fresh. When it comes to melting qualities, both cheeses perform well, becoming creamy and stringy when heated, which makes them great choices for sandwiches, pizzas, and casseroles.

In essence, Provolone and Monterey Jack, while similar in some aspects, offer different taste experiences. Provolone brings a variable, potentially more complex flavor that can add depth to dishes, while Monterey Jack provides a consistent, mild, and creamy element that can blend well with other ingredients without overwhelming them.


Edam is a semi-hard cheese with a slightly salty and nutty flavor. Its texture and melting properties are very close to Provolone, making it a great substitute in most recipes.

Provolone cheese substitutes

⤵ Other Substitutes

Swiss Cheese

Swiss Cheese is a possible substitute for Provolone, but its distinct flavor and larger holes make it a less similar choice. Use it in a 1:1 ratio when substituting for Provolone, but expect a nuttier flavor in your dish.


Although Cheddar has a distinctively sharper flavor, it’s widely available and can be used as a Provolone substitute in a pinch. Choose mild cheddar for a closer match.


Havarti is a semi-soft Danish cow’s milk cheese. It has a buttery aroma and can be sliced, grilled, or melted. However, its flavor is slightly tangier compared to Provolone.


Muenster cheese is semi-soft and made from pasteurized cow’s milk. It

is mildly tangy and fruity, making it less similar to Provolone but can be used as a substitute when other options are unavailable.


Finding the perfect Provolone substitute can be a delightful culinary adventure. Each cheese brings its unique character to a dish, from the creaminess of Mozzarella, the sweetness of Gouda, to the savory notes of Cheddar. Don’t be afraid to try something new and transform your dish with an unexpected cheesy twist.

Alex Bayev Photo
About me:

Hi, I'm Alex. I love to cook and bake, and I'm always looking for new recipes to try. I started this blog — to collect and share most delicious and easy recipes in one place. I remember, how many questions recipes raised to me, when I started cooking. To make sure that doesn't happen to you, I take step-by-step photos of the cooking process for every recipe so you can see how all the steps are supposed to go together, even if you're not following my recipes exactly.

Leave a Comment