Poblano vs Anaheim Peppers: A Spicy Debate of Taste, Heat, and Culinary Uses by Alex Bayev June 22, 2023 by Alex Bayev Published: June 22, 2023Last Updated on August 16, 2023 181 views 181 PinYumTweetShareTelegramVibeFlip0 Shares Peppers add heat, flavor, and a vibrant color to any dish. Among the wide variety of peppers available, Poblano and Anaheim stand out for their unique attributes. Although they may appear similar, each brings a different level of heat, flavor, and culinary versatility to the table. Join us on a fiery journey as we delve into the world of Poblano and Anaheim peppers. Main Differences & How Spicy Poblano & Anaheim Are? Poblano and Anaheim peppers differ in their origin, size, shape, and heat level. Originating from Puebla, Mexico, Poblano peppers are darker and wider, with a heart-like shape. They’re known for their mild to medium heat, measuring 1,000-2,000 Scoville Heat Units (SHU). They offer a spicy kick without being overpowering, delivering a rich, smoky flavor that enhances the essence of various dishes, especially when roasted. Anaheim peppers, on the other hand, hail from New Mexico but are named after the city of Anaheim, California. They’re longer and narrower compared to Poblano peppers. Anaheim peppers typically register a lower heat level, around 500-2,500 SHU, but the heat can vary depending on the growing conditions. They carry a sweet, slightly tangy flavor that offers a gentle heat. Their larger size and mild nature make them perfect for stuffing, particularly in Southwestern cuisine. Flavor & Taste Both Poblano and Anaheim peppers possess a mild, sweet flavor. However, Poblanos typically offer a richer, somewhat earthier taste, while Anaheims lean more towards the sweet and tangy side. When roasted, both peppers develop a deeper flavor profile, with a smoky note enhancing their sweetness. Nutrition Comparison Poblano (per 100g)Anaheim (per 100g)Calories2029Protein0.9g1gFat0.2g0.3gCarbohydrates4.6g6.9gDietary Fiber1.5g1.1gVitamin C95.5mg18.8mgPotassium322mg211mg Note: Nutritional values can vary based on maturity and specific pepper variety. 25 Facts About Differences and Similarities Fact 1: Origin Poblano peppers originated in Puebla, Mexico, while Anaheim peppers originated in New Mexico and are named after Anaheim, California. Fact 2: Size Poblano peppers are typically shorter and wider, whereas Anaheim peppers are longer and narrower. Fact 3: Heat Level While both peppers are considered mild, Anaheim peppers can sometimes be slightly hotter than Poblanos. Fact 4: Dried Form When dried, Poblano peppers are known as “Ancho” peppers, while dried Anaheim peppers are called “Chile Seco.” Fact 5: Usage in Cuisine Poblano peppers are commonly used in Mexican dishes such as chiles rellenos, while Anaheim peppers are often used in Southwestern U.S. cuisine. Fact 6: Flavor Profile Poblano peppers have a rich, somewhat earthy flavor, while Anaheim peppers are slightly sweeter and tangier. Fact 7: Vitamin Content Poblano peppers have significantly more Vitamin C content than Anaheim peppers. Fact 8: Roasting Both types of peppers are commonly roasted, which enhances their flavor and makes the skin easier to remove. Fact 9: Stuffing Due to their size and relatively mild heat, both Poblano and Anaheim peppers are excellent for stuffing. Fact 10: Color Change Both Poblano and Anaheim peppers change from green to red as they mature, with their heat level generally increasing during this process. Fact 11: Scoville Scale Both peppers are on the lower end of the Scoville scale, indicating their mild heat. However, individual peppers can sometimes be hotter, depending on growing conditions. Fact 12: Salsa Both Poblano and Anaheim peppers are excellent for making salsa, though Poblanos are typically used in more traditional Mexican recipes. Fact 13: Health Benefits Both types of peppers offer a range of health benefits due to their vitamin and mineral content, including Vitamin C and potassium. Fact 14: Availability Poblano and Anaheim peppers are both widely available in grocery stores, especially in areas with a strong Mexican or Southwestern U.S. presence. If you can’t find poblano peppers on sale, use one of the alternatives. Fact 15: Cooking Anaheim peppers can be used in any recipe that calls for Poblano peppers, but expect a slightly different flavor and potentially more heat. Fact 16: Peeling The skins of both peppers are typically peeled after roasting, as they can be tough and slightly bitter. Fact 17: Preservation Both types of peppers can be dried for long-term preservation. Fact 18: Season Poblano and Anaheim peppers are both summer crops, but are typically available year-round in most supermarkets. Fact 19: Plant Height Plants of both peppers can grow to similar heights, typically around 2-3 feet. Fact 20: Yield Both Poblano and Anaheim pepper plants are heavy yielders, providing a bounty of peppers throughout the growing season. Fact 21: Immature vs Mature While both peppers can be eaten at either the green (immature) or red (mature) stage, Poblanos are more commonly eaten while green, whereas Anaheims are often allowed to ripen to red. Fact 22: Garden Space Due to their larger size, Poblano pepper plants may require slightly more space in the garden compared to Anaheim peppers. Fact 23: Adaptability Anaheim peppers are generally more adaptable to different growing conditions compared to Poblanos. Fact 24: Freezing Both types of peppers can be frozen for long-term storage, though it’s often best to roast and peel them first. Read How to Freeze Poblano Peppers. Fact 25: Spiciness Although they are generally mild, both peppers can occasionally be hotter than expected, especially if they were grown under stressful conditions. Conclusion In the battle of Poblano vs Anaheim, it’s clear that both contenders have their unique merits. Choosing between the two often comes down to personal preference for heat and flavor. Whether you opt for the rich, earthy flavor of the Poblano or the sweet, tangy bite of the Anaheim, both peppers offer a world of culinary possibilities. Happy cooking! PinYumTweetShareTelegramVibeFlip0 Shares Leave a Comment Cancel Reply Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Recipe Rating Recipe Rating Δ You may also like Champignon Guide: All About the Most Popular Mushrooms... Cabbage Guide Sweet Potatoes Guide String Beans Guide Potato Guide Onion Guide Garlic Guide Eggplants Guide Cauliflower Guide Carrot Guide Alex Bayev Hi, I'm Alex Bayev, bayevskitchen.com founder and food blogger who is passionate about cooking and photography. Since starting my blog in 2015, I have been sharing simple yet elegant recipes made with high-quality ingredients that anyone can recreate at home. I believe that food has the power to create unforgettable experiences.